File Name: north pole and south pole .zip
These were followed much later by adventurers and explorers in search of new trade routes. Then the hope of fame became the main impetus. Today — clear economic and political interests notwithstanding — curiosity and a thirst for knowledge have become key motives, and these have promoted peaceful cooperation. Even in politically fraught times, scientists from diverse countries are collaborating closely in the polar regions. Clovis culture The Clovis culture is the oldest known culture in North America.
Our stories are available at K-1, , and grade levels in three formats:. You can put this book together a couple of different ways. You can print out the pages, cut them in half and then order the pages back to front. Fold the stack in half and then staple the spine of the book. Pairs of pages can then be stapled or glued along the right edge.
To assemble the books this way, print the four pages and align the document pages so that the following book page numbers are in the lower right-hand corner: front page, page 6, page 2, and page 4. The cover page should be on top and page 4 on the bottom. Set your copier to copy single pages into double pages and run the four document pages in the order specified.
Cut along the dotted line in the center of the double-sided page, place the book pages in order, fold, and staple along the spine. The original magazine article includes related resources. These stories explore how scientists are using robots to explore underwater mountain ranges in the Arctic Ocean. These stories explore adaptations that allow penguins, whales, walruses, seals, and fish to live in the cold water of the Arctic and Southern Oceans. The original magazine article includes related activities and Readers Theater scripts.
These stories explore how and why igloos are built and how ice can act as an insulator. The original magazine article includes related activities. These stories explore the characteristics of blue whales and a simple food chain of the Southern Ocean. These stories explore the relationships between various tundra species: marsh marigolds, bot flies, and caribou. These stories introduce students to lichen, a plant-like organism that results from a symbiotic relationship between an alga and a fungus.
The Dance of Life by Stephen Whitt. These stories introduce students to the life cycle and migration of the sanderling, a bird that winters on beaches in the Southern United States and South American but breeds in the Arctic during the summer months. The original magazine article includes activities on migration and templates to help students practice questioning strategies while reading content text. These stories introduce students to the life cycle and life of the arctic wolf.
The original magazine article includes related activities and templates to help students develop listening comprehension skills during a teacher read-aloud. These stories introduce students to Mt. Erebus, a volcano located on Ross Island, just off the coast of Antarctica. Students in grades read about Dr. Philip Kyle, a scientist with the Mt.
The original magazine article includes related activities and a graphic organizer that can help students take notes while reading.
These stories introduce students to the discipline of geology, and specifically polar geology. Students in grades and meet Julie Codispoti, assistant curator of the U. Polar Rock Repository, and learn how she overcame an initial dislike of science to become a geologist. Students in grades K-1 learn that rocks, like books, can teach us about the world long ago. The original magazine article includes related activities and graphic organizers that help students master the strategy of determining importance in nonfiction text.
These stories discuss the unique property of ice — that it floats in liquid water. Students in grades learn why this occurs; younger students focus on real-world examples and how ice is necessary for life in the polar regions. These stories explain that while both the Arctic and Antarctica are cold, Antarctica is much colder and drier — a polar desert.
These stories introduce students to the colorful phenomenon known as the northern lights aurora borealis and the southern lights aurora australis.
In Fire in the Sky , students in grades explore the cause of the aurora. Colors in the Night Sky , written for students in grades K-1 and , introduces the aurora in a simplified manner. These stories introduce students to the dinosaurs found near the polar regions and discuss the adaptations that allowed these dinosaurs to survive in a dark and cold environment.
In this story, students explore the geographic uniqueness of the North and South Poles. This story is available for grades only. In these stories, students compare and contrast the polar regions. Available for grades and Copyright — The Ohio State University.
Any opinions, findings, and conclusions or recommendations expressed in this material are those of the author s and do not necessarily reflect the views of the National Science Foundation.
This work is licensed under an Attribution-ShareAlike 3. Our stories are available at K-1, , and grade levels in three formats: Text only : A pdf file that includes only the text and a glossary. This prints as an 8. Each book contains color photographs and illustrations; some books contain activity pages. Electronic book : Onscreen version of the book contains recorded narration that lets students listen to the story as they read along on the screen.
Many of the e-books have highlighted vocabulary words so that students can hear definitions with a single click. The e-books are available in Articulate version. You can also assemble the book as a foldable book. Grades K-1 Text Only. Grades K-1 Illustrated Book. Grades Text Only. Grades Illustrated Book.
The years — are known as the Heroic Age of Antarctic Exploration because, during this time, many ships set sail to discover Antarctica and its surrounding waters. Although there were many successes, such as reaching the South Pole for the first time in , several explorers died during their expeditions to Antarctica, including the British Captain Robert Scott in and Sir Ernest Shackleton in Modern day scientists have used these records to learn where sea ice frozen sea water was found in the waters around Antarctica. They found that, a hundred years ago, the Antarctic sea ice covered only a slightly bigger area of the sea than it does today. These log books, together with other sea-ice records, show that sea ice in the Antarctica might be less affected by climate change compared to the Arctic sea ice that covers the North Pole, which has been disappearing over the past century. Anyone can help, not just scientists, by volunteering at oldweather. It is amazing how these detailed, old log books can be used today for science.
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The North Pole is the northernmost point on Earth. It is the precise point of the intersection of the Earth's axis and the Earth's surface. From the North Pole, all directions are south. Its latitude is 90 degrees north, and all lines of longitude meet there as well as at the South Pole, on the opposite end of the Earth. Polaris , the current North Star, sits almost motionless in the sky above the pole, making it an excellent fixed point to use in celestial navigation in the Northern Hemisphere.
Our stories are available at K-1, , and grade levels in three formats:.
This aerial photo from October of shows the new South Pole station without its final outer layers in the upper right portion of the frame. The old station is the geodesic dome at lower left. Work began on the first wing of the station in the fall of Both the ceremonial South Pole, with its circle of flags from Antarctic Treaty nations, and the geographic South Pole are visible at the center background of the picture. Credit: e. Mastroianni, Milwaukee Journal Sentinel A full moon and second exposure makes the South Pole station visible in the July image during the 6-month-long Antarctic night.
It would end in victory for Amundsen — and tragedy for Scott. Watch more in this film series. Robert Falcon Scott had attempted to reach the South Pole once before in but his party were forced to turn back due to ill health and sub-zero conditions. His crew included naval seamen, scientists and paying members. His ship Terra Nova sailed from Cardiff on 15 June History of Antarctic explorers.
PDF | On Mar 1, , Gary Wilson published North Pole, South Pole: the epic quest to solve the great mystery of Earth's magnetism | Find.
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It is the southernmost point on the surface of Earth and lies on the opposite side of Earth from the North Pole.