File Name: social capital a theory of social structure and action .zip
Metrics details. Vertical relationships with the government, particular relational capital and organizational social network capital, constitute corporate social capital CSC.
Social Capital explains the importance of using social connections and social relations in achieving goals. Social capital, or resources accessed through such connections and relations, is critical along with human capital, or what a person or organization actually possesses in achieving goals for individuals, social groups, organizations, and communities. The book introduces a theory that forcefully argues and shows why "it is who you know," as well as "what you know" that makes a difference in life and society.
The Journal of Innovation and Knowledge JIK focuses on how we gain knowledge through innovation and how knowledge encourages new forms of innovation. Not all innovation leads to knowledge. Only enduring innovation that can be generalized across multiple fields creates theory and knowledge.
JIK welcomes papers on innovations that improve the quality of knowledge or that can be used to develop knowledge. Innovation is a broad concept, covering innovation processes, structures, outcomes, antecedents, and behaviors at the organizational level in the private and public sectors as well as at the individual, national, and professional levels.
JIK articles explore knowledge-related changes that introduce or encourage innovation to promote best practices within society. JIK provides an outlet for high-quality studies that have undergone double-blind peer review. In doing so, JIK ensures that such studies reach a global readership of scholars, consultants, practitioners, international leaders, and policymakers who recognize the importance of innovation and knowledge as economic drivers and who base their decisions on new ideas and findings in innovation and knowledge.
JIK publishes content in the form of theoretical articles, empirical studies employing quantitative or qualitative methods, practice-oriented papers, teaching-oriented papers, case studies, book reviews, conference reports, short articles on current trends in science and society, abstracts of recent innovation and knowledge PhDs, and shorter opinion-based and review articles, commentaries, and debates.
JIK publishes state-of-the-art research on emerging topics in the world of innovation and knowledge and appeals to a broad readership. The editors welcome suggestions for special issue topics. JIK articles should demonstrate contextual differences, while highlighting lessons for the wider audience.
In sum, JIK is an interdisciplinary journal devoted to advancing theoretical and practical innovations and knowledge in a range of fields, including Economics, Business and Management, Engineering, Science, and Education. JIK has a broad scope to the following areas: 1. Innovation including but not limited to: open innovation, innovation adoption and diffusion, organizational behavior and innovation, creativity, improvisation, and individual innovation, innovation in teams and groups, institutional and social innovation, consequences of innovation, critical approaches to innovation or innovation alliances and networks in relation to knowledge, and vice versa.
Knowledge patterns in relation to innovation. Knowledge-related changes that introduce innovations and best practices in society. Globalization in innovation and knowledge. Innovation policies and practices that lead to knowledge. Cross-cultural case studies in knowledge and innovation. New practical models and paradigms for understanding and fostering innovation and knowledge.
Knowledge and innovation derived from data. Information systems in knowledge and innovation. Knowledge and innovation in organizations and their behaviors. Knowledge- and innovation-based systems, products, and processes. Issues that affect the developers of education systems and educators who implement and manage innovations and knowledge. Ethics in knowledge and innovation.
Knowledge and innovation transfer. Quality in knowledge and innovation. In this research, we identify factors influencing the behavior of knowledge sharing and customer purchasing intention based on two theories of social capital and social interaction.
The conceptual model, designed based on theoretical foundations, includes the dimensions of these two theories. Statistical sample is individuals, who have bought more than 5 times from social commerce sites. In such sites, users share their favorite products and opinions and engage with other users.
Increasing the willingness of customers to social commerce sites is heavily influenced by the sharing of information and knowledge in this space Liu et al. On the other hand, the lack of knowledge sharing leads to a lack of prosperity and the disappearance of the Social commerce platform.
Consequently, for companies that work in social commerce field, it is crucial to explore information sharing factors. One of the most important dimensions that can affect the sharing of information is social capital Robert et al. Social capital is the best source created through exchanges. This type of source is related to different types of relationships, which includes interpersonal relationships and organizational networks Lin, Social capital was initially used in research in relation to community relationships.
The nature of existing social capital in the structure of relations between individuals is the most important factor in the implementation of this concept in social phenomena. The theory of social capital illustrates and clarifies social resources that can bring together certain elements in the social network.
In addition, social capital is an aggregate source that can create value. Social capital not only can bring about a common understanding among individuals, but also can force people to achieve common goals Kwon and Adler, Therefore, social capital represents a set of integrated resources for social and economic activities.
For social structure, social capital can put together members based on the characteristics of individuals in the social network. Researchers have shown that social capital has three dimensions. They are called structural, relational and cognitive. This dimension reflects the position of users in the social system and identifies the ability of users to access resources.
Social nodes reflect the structure and quality of the relationship in the social network. Relational capital describes the level of trust among members in communications. This factor reflects the nature of the work with other members and the quality of personal relationships. The next factor that appears to affect the sharing of knowledge and information is the Social Exchange Theory, or SET, in short.
This theory is a practice to maximize benefits and reduce costs that are effective in individual actions Blau, A person must have his own perception of another and have ideas in order to create the needs of others. This refers to the individual preferences mental attitudes or norms related to the distribution of results for themselves and others in the status of the subscription.
In other words, SET takes into account the maximization of benefits and reduces the costs incurred when someone interacts with one another. Based on the literature review of the past research, scholars have focused on social capital theory as a unique concept which can effect on purchasing intention.
By the development of social commerce concept, the importance of knowledge sharing has emerged. Social commerce concept is based on network communication and in this communication people share their knowledge and information, which come from their experience.
Researches on social commerce have been expanded rapidly these years. Moreover, social interaction theory in e-commerce and social commerce context is another hop spot of research due to the lack of practical and theoretical researches on this concept.
Thus, the theory of social interactions is used in our proposed model. The dimensions of social interactions are used for analyzing knowledge and information sharing behavior. Hence, considering the dimension of social interactions theory in social commerce context is another innovation, which in the past literature review has not been considered.
This research fills these gaps. We try to investigate the reasons for customer preferences in the field of knowledge sharing and their willingness to use social commerce sites. For this purpose, in this research, two social capital theory and social interaction theory have been used.
Also, sharing knowledge and information are considered as a mediating variable. Finally, the relationship between these variables and customer purchase intention is examined. This research has focused on social commerce site in Iran. The most famous social commerce sites in Iran are Digikala, Sheypoor, and Divar. These sites cover all kind of products and services. Launched in Feb. Divar is the leading classified ads platform in Iran. Sheypoor is another social commerce site, which is the third most visited social commerce site in Iran.
This research chose these three platforms because they are the best social commerce site based on Alexa statistic. Moreover, more than 76 percent of all Iranian people who use social commerce site visit these three sites. Consequently, users of these three sites can show us a proper image of intention and behavior of people in social commerce platforms in Iran.
These sites are a social network that not only dose people share their knowledge, information and experience, but also they can purchase products and services. Various products are traded in these social commerce sites. Moreover, each person who uses these platforms is a potential buyer. The structure of this research is as follows: in the second part of the research theoretical, theoretical framework and the hypotheses are presented. In this section, the theories and variables used in the research are also introduced.
In the third section, the research method used in this paper is presented. The fourth section is the results of the analysis and testing of the hypotheses. In the fifth part, the discussions of the research hypotheses are presented and in the final section of this paper, the managerial implications of this research are presented. The theoretical underpinnings discussed here include the relationship between social capital dimensions and information sharing. Additionally, the relationship between dimensions of social interaction theory and information sharing is discussed.
The impact of the information and knowledge sharing on the purchase intention are among the theoretical background of this paper. Social capital, in general, includes institutions, relationships, tendencies, values, and norms that govern the behaviors and interactions between individuals. The structural dimension of social capital refers to the general pattern of contacts between individuals, that is, who you have access to and how.
The most important aspects of this dimension are the existence or absence of network relations between individuals, the configuration or network structure and the appropriate organization, which describes the pattern of relationships in terms of scale, density, linkage, and hierarchy.
And the appropriate organization means the existence of networks created for a purpose that may be used for another purpose Figures 1—3 ,. The cognitive dimension of social capital refers to those sources that provide manifestations, interpretations, and systems of common meanings among groups. This dimension has been identified because they believe that cognitive dimension not only does indicate an important set of assets that have not yet been addressed in the mainstream of social capital, but also in the context of a strategy, its importance has been widely noted.
The relationship index of social capital describes a kind of personal relationship that individuals make with each other because of the history of their interactions. This concept focuses on the particular relationships that individuals have, such as respect for friendship, which affects their behavior.
For example, two people may have the same posts in similar network configurations, but if their emotional and personal attachments are different from other network members, their actions may also have to be different from significant aspects.
This article begins by suggesting that one must define human capital HC from a social perspective, the value of which inevitably depends on a wide range of social factors and relationships. The focus here is on the relationship between human individual capital and social capital, and their impact on each other's development. The article examines the concept of capital, drawing initially on the economics literature. It concludes that even though HC fails to meet the criteria for capital evident in that literature, its heuristic value has made it popular nonetheless. It also notes that HC's failure to meet the conceptual conditions of capital theory can be interpreted as a critical insertion of human values into the discussion.
Social capital has been widely accepted as an important asset for creating and maintaining healthy communities, robust organizations and vibrant civil societies. This paper explores the relevance of social capital to management development in the workplace and, more specifically, the importance of gender in the formation of social capital and the distribution of its benefits. The pertinent scholarly literature is reviewed to explore the role of social capital in organizational behavior and its relationship to gender. Although the numbers of women entering the workplace have risen steadily in the last half century and strides have been made in attaining economic parity with men, statistics reveal that women continue to lag behind men in career advancement and in levels of compensation and achieved status. It is argued in the literature that women are hindered in their efforts to achieve career advancement and its associated benefits due to their inability to access social capital, a valuable organizational commodity and source of the knowledge, resources, and networks that are essential for career development and maturation. This review reveals that untold benefits and rewards may be generated once workplaces are democratized and equalized so that women — and men — may contribute equally to the growth and development of private and public sector organizations.
The Journal of Innovation and Knowledge JIK focuses on how we gain knowledge through innovation and how knowledge encourages new forms of innovation. Not all innovation leads to knowledge. Only enduring innovation that can be generalized across multiple fields creates theory and knowledge. JIK welcomes papers on innovations that improve the quality of knowledge or that can be used to develop knowledge. Innovation is a broad concept, covering innovation processes, structures, outcomes, antecedents, and behaviors at the organizational level in the private and public sectors as well as at the individual, national, and professional levels.
By Nan Lin. Cambridge University Press, Most users should sign in with their email address. If you originally registered with a username please use that to sign in. To purchase short term access, please sign in to your Oxford Academic account above.
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Social capital is "the networks of relationships among people who live and work in a particular society, enabling that society to function effectively". Social capital is a measure of the value of resources, both tangible e. It is generally seen as a form of capital that produces public goods for a common purpose. Social capital has been used to explain the improved performance of diverse groups, the growth of entrepreneurial firms, superior managerial performance, enhanced supply chain relations, the value derived from strategic alliances , and the evolution of communities. The term social capital was in intermittent use from about , before becoming widely used in the late s. They observed a breakdown of traditional bonds and the progressive development of anomie and alienation in society. The power of community governance has been stressed by many philosophers from antiquity to the 18th century, from Aristotle to Thomas Aquinas , and Edmund Burke.
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Social capital, conceptualized as an individual characteristic, can contribute to the field of health promotion by adding new knowledge on how social network interventions may best be designed to meet the needs of the target group. The distinction of different forms of social capital, i. Further, social capital can advance social network interventions by acknowledging the risk for unequal distribution of investments and returns from social network involvement. Social capital, conceptualized as characterizing whole communities, provides a useful framework for what constitutes health-supporting environments and guidance on how to achieve them. Mapping and mobilization of social capital in local communities may be one way of achieving community action for health promotion. Social capital is context-bound by necessity. However, social capital can provide new ideas on the processes that influence human interactions, cooperation, and community action for health promotion in various contexts.
The burgeoning interest in social capital within the technology community represents a welcome move towards a concern for the social elements of technological adaptation and capacity. Since technology plays an ever larger role in our daily life, it is necessary to articulate social capital and its relationship to technological literacy. A nationwide data was collected by area sampling, and position generator was used to measure social capital. Regression model was constructed for technological literacy. Age, gender, education, income, web access, and social capital were included as independent variables. The results show that age, gender, education, web access, and social capital were good predictors of technological literacy.
Exploring knowledge management within teams from a social capital perspective: a literature review. E-mail: ; ; miriano pucrs. We live in an economy based on knowledge where the socialization that takes place through relation networks is the key in the construction of this knowledge. The aim of this research is to explore the state of the art of Knowledge Management in teams inside organizations and in conjunction with the theory of Social Capital. To achieve the proposed aim, a systematic review of literature, using thirty three articles — thirty with empirical research and three theoretical articles — was carried out.
Access options available:. Social Forces By Nan Lin. Cambridge University Press, This book attempts, not always successfully, to synthesize a coherent whole from new chapters for this book and revised versions of earlier stand-alone publications on the concept of social capital;it is Nan Lin's attempt to ground social capital in its social theoretical roots, thereby providing it with the solid intellectual foundation it has implicitly heretofore been without. Opening with a discussion of capital theories in general, Lin moves on to spell out his version of a specifically social capital theory, using it to then address more substantive issues, for example the emergence of social structures, the processes of societal change, inequality in labor markets, and the appeal of on-line communities.
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