File Name: nature and scope of environmental economics .zip
Definition : Economics is that branch of social science which is concerned with the study of how individuals, households, firms, industries and government take decision relating to the allocation of limited resources to productive uses, so as to derive maximum gain or satisfaction. Simply put, it is all about the choices we make concerning the use of scarce resources that have alternative uses, with the aim of satisfying our most pressing infinite wants and distribute it among ourselves.
Reviewed by Anjaneyulu Updated on Feb 19, Environmental economics is a field of economics which deals with the economic-environmental relationship. Environmental economists are researching the economies of both sides of natural resources, their exploitation and use, and how the waste products are contributing to the ecosystem.
Economic and ecological systems are closely interlinked at a global and a regional level, offering a broad variety of important research topics in environmental and resource economics. The successful identification of key challenges for current and future research supports development of novel theories, empirical applications, and appropriate policy designs. It allows establishing a future-oriented research agenda whose ultimate goal is an efficient, equitable, and sustainable use of natural resources. Based on a normative foundation, the paper aims to identify fundamental topics, current trends, and major research gaps to motivate further development of academic work in the field. The research agenda in environmental and resource economics has always been very broad and dynamic, reflecting the ways our economies interact with the natural environment. While in classical economics of the eighteenth century the factor land played a dominant role, the effects of pollution externalities, resource scarcities, ecosystem services, and sustainability became important in subsequent time periods. Of course, the list of topics has already been very diverse in the past but has increasingly become so with recent global environmental problems challenging the functioning of a world economy which is growing at a high rate and heavily relies on an international division of labour and trade.
Environmental economics will help you understand some important and controversial issues — such as climate change policy, nuclear power, recycling policy, and traffic congestion charging. This is an exciting field of economics to study, and very much at the heart of many public debates and controversies. In very broad terms, environmental economics looks at how economic activity and policy affect the environment in which we live. Some production generates pollution — for example, power station emissions can cause acid rain and also contribute to global warming. Household consumption decisions too affect the environment — for example, more consumption can mean more waste sent to polluting incinerators or garbage dumps. But pollution is not an inevitable consequence of economic activity — governments can require polluting firms to reduce their emissions, and can encourage people to change their behaviour, for example by levying taxes on polluting goods.
It focuses primarily on how and why people make decisions that have consequences for the natural environment. It is concerned also with how economic.
Environmental economics is a sub-field of economics concerned with environmental issues. It has become a widely studied subject due to growing environmental concerns in the twenty-first century. Environmental economics "undertakes theoretical or empirical studies of the economic effects of national or local environmental policies around the world
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In the Anthropocene era  , it is no longer possible to leave the question of the relationship between economic activity and the environment , both in terms of the exploitation of natural resources and the degradation of natural environments, outside the scope of economic analysis.