File Name: direct and reported speech .zip
Not many aspects of English grammar are dealt with more care and vigor than direct and reported speech.
Are you an ESL learner searching for reported speech exercises? July 15, Our teacher said Alaska … cold. The subject you is hidden and is only understood. To change imperative sentences into indirect imperative sentences we use specific verbs like- requested, advised, suggested, ordered, instructed, allowed, forbade, warned, asked, etc.
The first Word of the quotation is capitalized in each new, quote, unless a single quote is divided into two parts, in which case, the second part of the same quotation begins with a small letter. It is enclosed within quotation marks. When we report something in our own words, we use indirect speech. Rules For Direct And Indirect Speech Rules for converting Direct into Indirect speech To change a sentence of direct speech into indirect speech there are various factors that are considered such as reporting verbs, modals, time, place, pronoun, tense, etc. There are two ways to report what someone says or thinks: 1. If we want to say what other people said, thought or felt, we can use the direct or indirect speech.
When we want to report an order or request, we can use a verb like 'tell' with a to-clause: He told me to go away. The indirect object is the person spoken to. Suggestions are most often reported using the verbs suggest, insist, recommend, demand, request, and propose followed by a that clause. Note that suggest, recommend, and propose may also be followed by a gerund in order to eliminate the indirect object the receiver of the suggestion and thus make the suggestion more polite. This usage of the gerund is illustrated in the fourth and fifth examples below. Home Welcome to EF. Programs See everything we do.
Study these indirect sentences of upper direct sentences. There are two ways in which the words of a speaker can be reported:. We may quote the actual words used by the speaker. This is called Direct Narration or Direct Speech. We may have the substance of the words used by the speaker and not his actual words. This is called Indirect Narration or Indirect Speech. In Indirect Speech , the speech that is reported is not put within inverted commas and does not begin with a capital letter.
Julie: "He moved a year ago. Sentences are given in the direct speech. Our team has won the tournament! Levels of Difficulty : Elementary Intermediate Advanced 4 He said that he had a wonderful dream the previous night. I shall, we shall usually become would.
Direct and indirect speech can be a source of confusion for English learners. Let's first define the terms, then look at how to talk about what someone said, and how to convert speech from direct to indirect or vice-versa. Direct speech repeats, or quotes, the exact words spoken. When we use direct speech in writing, we place the words spoken between quotation marks " " and there is no change in these words.
Verbs in the direct speech have then to be changed into a corresponding past tense. Sentence that express strong feeling or emotions like joy, sorrow, surprise, hatred, contempt, etc are called exclamatory sentences. Emily says, "My father is a teacher. Reported statements in English.
PDF book 1: English tenses exercises. PDF book 2: English grammar exercises.
Normally, the tense in reported speech is one tense back in time from the tense in direct speech: She said, "I am tired. You do not need to change the tense if the reporting verb is in the present, or if the original statement was about something that is still true, e. These modal verbs do not change in reported speech: might, could, would, should, ought to :. Home Welcome to EF. Programs See everything we do. Offices Find an office near you.
Она вздохнула, надеясь, что ей не придется раскаиваться в том, чем она собиралась заняться. - Если все пойдет хорошо, то результат будет примерно через полчаса. - Тогда за дело, - сказал Стратмор, положил ей на плечо руку и повел в темноте в направлении Третьего узла. Над их головами куполом раскинулось усыпанное звездами небо. Такие же звезды, наверное, видит сейчас Дэвид в небе над Севильей, подумала. Подойдя к тяжелой стеклянной двери, Стратмор еле слышно чертыхнулся.
DIRECT AND INDIRECT (OR REPORTED) SPEECH. INTRODUCTION. There are two ways of relating what a person has said: direct and indirect. In direct.