File Name: hydro power plant advantages and disadvantages .zip
There are many of these installations around the world, particularly in developing nations as they can provide an economical source of energy without the purchase of fuel.
Updated November 29, Hydropower provides great potential for renewable energy but it is not without drawbacks. Image source: Government Europa. In , 6. Hydroelectricity, which is created by hydropower, is a popular form of renewable energy that uses the flow of water to generate electricity.
In late September of in the small city of Appleton, Wisconsin, the world saw its first hydroelectric power plant in operation. This plant created enough power to provide light to his home and the plant. Even though this was a huge milestone, the use of hydropower can be traced back to Ancient cultures to perform simple activities like grinding wheat. Now hydropower is the most important renewable source of energy. There are four major components to conventional hydroelectric plants. The dam, turbine, generator, and transmission lines.
Dams are extremely expensive to build and must be built to a very high standard. The high cost of dam construction means that they must operate for many decades to become profitable. The flooding of large areas of land means that the natural environment is destroyed. People living in villages and towns that are in the valley to be flooded, must move out. This means that they lose their farms and businesses. In some countries, people are forcibly removed so that hydro-power schemes can go ahead.
While hydroelectric energy provides the world with clean energy, there are some problems with it. Today, we will examine the advantages and disadvantages of hydropower. Hydroelectric energy is the most commonly used renewable energy source in the world. According to the Hydropower Status Report, hydroelectricity gave us a whopping Hydropower is completely renewable, which means it will never run out unless the water stops flowing.
As with any energy source, renewable or non-renewable, hydropower has both pros and cons associated with its use. Hydropower has been the most widely-used renewable energy source of electricity for many years, and as with any energy choice, it comes with various advantages and disadvantages. Here are a few top ones to keep in mind:. On the pros side, hydropower is a clean and renewable energy source that pairs well with other renewable energy technologies, and in some cases can be used to meet peak electricity demand. On the cons side, hydropower installations adversely impact the physical environment around them, are often expensive to build, and there are limited places remaining that are suitable for reservoirs and hydroelectric plants. As the water cycle naturally runs, hydropower will always be a viable way to generate electricity. Fossil fuels like coal and oil must be burned to generate power and replenish very slowly, and as such are not a long-term energy solution.
The purpose of the following links is to help people searching for information in various areas related to hydroelectricity. Generating hydroelectricity starts with the annual hydrologic, or water cycle, providing seasonal rain and runoff from snow pack. The runoff from rain and snow collects in lakes, streams and rivers and flows to dams downstream. The turbine turns a shaft that rotates a series of magnets past copper coils in a generator to create electricity.
The generation of electricity by hydropower is one of the best methods of producing electric power.
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