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Democracy And Authoritarianism In The Arab World Nicola Pratt Pdf

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Liberalism in the Middle East and the Issue of Citizenship Rights

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On 17 December , year-old Tunisian street vendor Tarek al-Tayeb Mohamed Bouazizi was slapped across the face in front of a crowd and insulted by a municipal official, after he protested a fine and the confiscation of his goods for failing to pay the fine. Injustice, high unemployment rates, and the lack of economic opportunities are certainly dire conditions that lead to immense frustration, and elicit protests and activism. However, when considering the event that triggered the protests that swept the Arab world starting in early , one cannot but wonder, had the young man been insulted by a male municipal official rather than a female, would his response have been this extreme? This is not to disparage the sacrifice of the young man or diminish the struggles for freedom and equality across the Arab world, but to recognize the gendered dynamics of Arab politics. Faida Hamdi, the female municipal official who happened to be the face of state corruption in Sidi Bouzid in Tunisia, is a woman who insulted a man in public. In a context where state oppression and corruption are expected and therefore tolerated, being insulted by woman is too extreme to accept. While such sexist attitudes are not exclusive to the Arab world, we must address the ramifications of such attitudes towards women and their implications for achieving Arab democracy.

Democracy in the Middle East and North Africa

According to the Democracy Index study, Israel is the only democratic country in the Middle East , while Tunisia 69 worldwide is the only democracy in North Africa. Countries that are occasionally classified as partly democratic are Egypt and Iraq. The remaining countries of the Middle East are categorized as authoritarian regimes , with the lowest scores held by Saudi Arabia and Yemen. Freedom House categorizes Israel and Tunisia as "Free". Events of the " Arab Spring " such as the Tunisian Revolution may indicate a move towards democracy in some countries which may not be fully captured in the democracy index. In , Tunisia became the first Arab country classified as free since the beginning of Lebanon's civil war 40 years ago. Other explanations include the problem that most of the states in the region are rentier states , which experience the theorized resource curse.

Skip to search form Skip to main content You are currently offline. Some features of the site may not work correctly. Pratt Published Political Science. What explains the enduring rule of authoritarian regimes in the Arab world? Nicola Pratt offers an innovative approach to this recurring question, shedding light on the failure of democratization by examining both the broad dynamics of authoritarianism in the region and the particular role of civil society. Save to Library. Create Alert.

Democracy and Authoritarianism in the Arab World by Nicola Christine Pratt. Clovis Maksoud. American University. Search for more papers by.

The Gender Paradox of Arab Democracy

Don't have an account? Divide-and-conquer strategies have always been a characteristic of governance in Arab regimes as authoritarian rulers have used a mix of co-optation and repression to survive in power. In the past, such strategies were possible and successful because of the inherent strength of the regimes themselves, which had significant material and ideological resources at their disposal. Today, the same regimes have been severely weakened in both aspects and face an international system that, at least rhetorically, is much less tolerant toward authoritarianism and abuses of human rights than in the past. In spite of these odds, however, all Arab regimes, with the exception of Iraq, have survived.

Embodying Geopolitics

Revisiting the Republic of Fear: Lessons for Research on Contemporary Iraq

Through an effective historical analysis of the interplay of socioeconomic development, ideology and institutional structures, Pratt explores how the space for political action across the Arab world has been defined; and how the potential for challenges to authoritarianism has been created. For anyone interested in how political reform can be mounted in this crucial region, the book provides compelling reading. Pratt appraises the part that civil society actors played in the normalization of authoritarianism in the Middle East, the challenges that new organized groups now pose to entrenched Arab regimes, and the varying ways in which those regimes are responding. She also explores the diversity of conceptions of democracy among nonstate actors.

 А метод грубой силы? - предложил Бринкерхофф.  - Можно ли с его помощью найти ключ. Джабба всплеснул руками.

Revisiting the Republic of Fear: Lessons for Research on Contemporary Iraq

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Многоуровневая защита силовых и телефонных кабелей была спрятана глубоко под землей в стальных контейнерах, а питание от главного комплекса АНБ было дополнено многочисленными линиями электропитания, независимыми от городской системы снабжения. Поэтому отключение представляло собой сложную серию подтверждений и протоколов, гораздо более сложную, чем запуск ядерной ракеты с подводной лодки. - У нас есть время, но только если мы поспешим, - сказал Джабба.  - Отключение вручную займет минут тридцать. Фонтейн по-прежнему смотрел на ВР, перебирая в уме остающиеся возможности. - Директор! - взорвался Джабба.  - Когда эти стены рухнут, вся планета получит высший уровень допуска к нашим секретам.

 Да поможет нам Бог, - прошептала.  - Мы можем принять участие в аукционе. Стратмор покачал головой: - Танкадо дал нам шанс.

Два часа. Три. Она перевела взгляд на пустую шифровалку. Скорее бы просигналил ее терминал. Но тот молчал.

Лейтенант листал паспорт умершего. - Я бы предпочел, чтобы вы ни к чему не прикасались, - попросил. Ничего не трогайте.

Когда серебряный кубок оказался на уровне его глаз, возникло какое-то движение, и в полированной поверхности смутно отразилась приближающаяся фигура. Беккер заметил металлический блеск в тот самый миг, когда убийца поднимал пистолет, и, как спринтер, срывающийся с места при звуке стартового выстрела, рванулся. Насмерть перепуганный священник упал, чаша взлетела вверх, и красное вино разлилось по белому мрамору пола.

Journal of Democracy

Трудно поверить, что такие ножки носят 170 баллов IQ. Охранник покачал головой. Он долго смотрел ей вслед. И снова покачал головой, когда она скрылась из виду.

По спине Сьюзан пробежал холодок. - Конечно, - чуть слышно сказала.  - Танкадо подумал, что раз мы приостановили действие его страхового полиса, то можем приостановить и его. Постепенно она начала понимать.

(MOBI) Democracy and Authoritarianism in the Arab World


 Soccoro! - Его голос звучал еле слышно.  - Помогите. С обеих сторон на него надвигались стены извивающейся улочки. Беккер искал какой-нибудь перекресток, любой выход, но с обеих сторон были только запертые двери. Теперь он уже бежал по узкому проходу.

Сьюзан радостно встрепенулась. - Скажи, что ты ушел с поста декана. Дэвид кивнул. - В следующем семестре я возвращаюсь в аудиторию. Сьюзан с облегчением вздохнула: - Туда, где твое подлинное призвание.

(MOBI) Democracy and Authoritarianism in the Arab World


Lie T. 12.04.2021 at 08:38

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Arab Liberal Thought after pp Cite as.

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When women took to the streets during the mass protests of the Arab Spring, the subject of feminism in the Middle East and North Africa returned to the international spotlight.

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Iraq Between Occupations pp Cite as.