maras gang violence and security in central america pdf Wednesday, March 10, 2021 5:37:35 PM

Maras Gang Violence And Security In Central America Pdf

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Published: 10.03.2021

Crime and law enforcement are often entwined in a co-evolutionary process by which the actions of one prompt behavioral changes by the other that demand new strategies from the initial actor.

Crime and violence affect the lives of millions of people in Latin America. Some consider social inequality to be a major contributing factor to levels of violence in Latin America, [1] where the state fails to prevent crime and organized crime takes over State control in areas where the State is unable to assist the society such as in impoverished communities.

The COVID pandemic has disrupted the socio-economic and political landscape in Central America — again revealing the degree to which criminal actors are intertwined with local, national, regional, and even global economies. New restrictions on mobility and business activity have forced gangs and cartels to adapt, with major consequences for security and stability. ACLED data show an increase in inter-gang violence across the region. In Mexico and the Northern Triangle, gangs are competing over a shrinking criminal market, and governments are faced with rising violence as they struggle to address an unprecedented health crisis. As the pandemic wears on, gang violence seems likely to rise.


El Salvador, Guatemala, and Honduras rank among the top 10 countries experiencing violence in the world, despite not being at war. This study aimed to elicit the emic perspectives of youth residing in the region on how the day-to-day generalized violence produces a pervasive threat to the overall health and human security of youth as well as the key protective factors and resiliencies at work. We conducted two separate waves of qualitative research in and over a 6-month period, which included 60 in-depth interviews and six focus groups among Salvadoran, Guatemalan and Honduran youth living in urban areas. Thematic clusters for the second meta-theme are: 1 a positive future outlook and a commitment to education; 2 transnational and local family network support; and 3 engagement in community-based youth groups. Generalized violence is conceptualized as a systemic phenomenon that is generated and reproduced through the complex interactions of structural inequities and unequal power relations. The findings of this study provide new insights into the implementation of a different approach to address the generalized violence, insights that may guide multi-sectoral health policies and interventions both in the region and transnationally.

Mara Salvatrucha: A Threat to U.S. and Central American Security

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Crime and violence in Latin America

Over the last three years, gang violence has killed nearly 20, people in El Salvador, propelling tens of thousands northward in search of safety. With U. Nearly 20, Salvadorans were killed from to The murder rate — an astonishing per , inhabitants in — is still sky-high at 60 per , in

Он присмотрелся внимательнее. Офицер выключил свет, и комната погрузилась в темноту. - Подождите, - сказал Беккер.  - Включите на секунду. Лампы, замигав, зажглись.

 - Это очень важно. Клушар заморгал.

Неужели Хейл никогда не слышал о принципе Бергофского. - Вот что нам надо сделать.  - Стратмор начал спокойно излагать свой план.

 - Все линии устремились к центру. С левого экрана в камеру неотрывно смотрели Дэвид и агенты Смит и Колиандер. На ВР последняя стенка напоминала тонюсенькую пленку.

Машины параллельной обработки сконструированы для того, чтобы думать, а не запоминать.


Iber B. 15.03.2021 at 23:52

Sensational headlines have publicized the drug trafficking, brutal violence, and other organized crime elements associated with Central America's mara gangs.

Voltsuacirkay 18.03.2021 at 18:12

Aguilar, Jeanette.

Didecidel 18.03.2021 at 20:17

A surge of migrants from a region known as the Northern Triangle—comprised of El Salvador, Guatemala, and Honduras—has cast a spotlight on a long-suffering part of the world and pushed governments in the region and beyond to reexamine relevant policies.