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Mcgregor Theory X And Theory Y Pdf

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Theory X and Theory Y are still referred to commonly in the field of management and motivation, and whilst more recent studies have questioned the rigidity of the model, Mcgregor's X-Y Theory remains a valid basic principle from which to develop positive management style and techniques.

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Theory X & Theory Y

These theories are based on the premise that management has to assemble all the factors of production, including human beings, to get the work done. McGregor believed that management can use either of the needs to motivate his employees, as grouped under theory X and theory Y.

But however, the theory Y yields better results than the theory X, how? Theory X: Theory X relies on the authoritarian style of management, where the managers are required to give instructions and keep a close check on each employee. As it is assumed, the employees are not motivated, and they dislike working. This theory is based on the following assumptions:. Theory Y: Theory Y relies on the participative style of management, where the managers assume that the employees are self-directed and self- motivated to accomplish the organizational objectives.

Thus, here the management attempts to get the maximum output with least efforts on their part. Following are the assumptions of Theory Y:. Thus, theory X and theory Y are two contrasting models that depict the set of assumptions a manager holds on his employees, which may or may not coincide with their general way of behaving. Therefore, these theories are based on the attitude, not attributes.

It is good and logic text theory description of human behavior since relate to general ways of life in performing their daily responsibilities. I have to give up my thanks for this reading.

Sincere Greyson. Your email address will not be published. Comments It is good and logic text theory description of human behavior since relate to general ways of life in performing their daily responsibilities. Leave a Reply Cancel reply Your email address will not be published.

Theory X and Theory Y

Douglas McGregor expressed his views of human nature in two sets of assumptions. Theory X stands for the set of traditional beliefs held, while Theory-Y stands for the set of beliefs based on researchers in behavioral science which are concerned with modern social views on the man at work. These two theories represent the extreme ranges of assumptions. Managers who accept theory-X assumptions tend to structure, control and closely supervise their employees. These managers think that external control is appropriate for dealing with unreliable, irresponsible and immature people. Management by direction and control may not succeed as it is a questionable way of motivating people whose physiological and safety needs are reasonably satisfied and whose social, esteem and self-actualization needs are becoming predominant.

These theories are based on the premise that management has to assemble all the factors of production, including human beings, to get the work done. McGregor believed that management can use either of the needs to motivate his employees, as grouped under theory X and theory Y. But however, the theory Y yields better results than the theory X, how? Theory X: Theory X relies on the authoritarian style of management, where the managers are required to give instructions and keep a close check on each employee. As it is assumed, the employees are not motivated, and they dislike working. This theory is based on the following assumptions:.

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Theory X and Theory Y (Douglas McGregor). Douglas McGregor in his book, “​The Human Side of Enterprise” published in has examined theories on.


Theory X and Theory Y of Motivation by McGregor

Theory X and Theory Y are theories of human work motivation and management. The two theories proposed by McGregor describe contrasting models of workforce motivation applied by managers in human resource management , organizational behavior , organizational communication and organizational development. Theory X explains the importance of heightened supervision, external rewards, and penalties, while Theory Y highlights the motivating role of job satisfaction and encourages workers to approach tasks without direct supervision. Management use of Theory X and Theory Y can affect employee motivation and productivity in different ways, and managers may choose to implement strategies from both theories into their practices.

During the past 30 years, managers have been bombarded with two competing approaches to the problems of human administration and organization. The first, usually called the classical school of organization, emphasizes the need for well-established lines of authority, clearly defined jobs, and authority equal to responsibility. The second, often called the participative approach, focuses on […]. The second, often called the participative approach, focuses on the desirability of involving organization members in decision making so that they will be more highly motivated.

Work is changing. And the approach to and requirements of leadership are changing with it. The modern manager knows how to distribute responsibility, instill trust in their employees, and motivate team members to deliver their best work and ideas. But there are times when management is less about leadership and more about the staunch enforcement of rules and micromanagement of production.

He did not imply that workers would be one type or the other.

Reader Interactions

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 Не имеет значения. Кровь не. Выпустите меня отсюда. - Ты ранена? - Стратмор положил руку ей на плечо. Она съежилась от этого прикосновения. Он опустил руку и отвернулся, а повернувшись к ней снова, увидел, что она смотрит куда-то поверх его плеча, на стену. Там, в темноте, ярко сияла клавиатура.

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Theory X and Theory Y published in the Sage Encyclopedia of Management Theories

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Theory X and Theory Y

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4 Comments

Jericha1 29.03.2021 at 16:40

In his book, The Human Side of Enterprise , McGregor proposed two theories by which managers perceive and address employee motivation.

Aaliyah B. 30.03.2021 at 05:17

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Amaranta N. 02.04.2021 at 11:11

McGregor argued that these assumptions fall into two broad categories - Theory X and Theory Y. These findings were detailed in The. Human Side of Enterprise,​.

Jenny H. 05.04.2021 at 13:47

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