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Piano Major And Minor Scales Pdf

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Piano scales are an important part of developing your playing skills and understanding the building blocks of music. They help enormously to understand key signatures. If you have ever wondered why pianists play them, how they work and what the benefits are then you are in the right place.

To understand how to form music scales, you need to understand the concept of whole steps and half steps.

Are you trying to learn all the major and minor scales on the piano but are slightly confused? The scales on the piano are a vital part of learning the instrument and developing your skills. Perhaps you are struggling with improving your improvisation skills, or are hoping to learn the theory behind the music. As soon as you know about all the major and minor scales on the piano you will make great progress. A scale in music is simply a collection of notes that are related within the same key.

All Major And Minor Scales

Each major key uses a different set of notes its major scale. In each major scale, however, the notes are arranged in the same major scale pattern and build the same types of chords that have the same relationships with each other. See Beginning Harmonic Analysis for more on this. So music that is in, for example, C major, will not sound significantly different from music that is in, say, D major. But music that is in D minor will have a different quality, because the notes in the minor scale follow a different pattern and so have different relationships with each other.

Music in minor keys has a different sound and emotional feel, and develops differently harmonically. So you can't, for example, transpose a piece from C major to D minor or even to C minor without changing it a great deal. Music that is in a minor key is sometimes described as sounding more solemn, sad, mysterious, or ominous than music that is in a major key.

To hear some simple examples in both major and minor keys, see Major Keys and Scales. Minor scales sound different from major scales because they are based on a different pattern of intervals. Just as it did in major scales, starting the minor scale pattern on a different note will give you a different key signature , a different set of sharps or flats. The scale that is created by playing all the notes in a minor key signature is a natural minor scale.

To create a natural minor scale, start on the tonic note and go up the scale using the interval pattern: whole step, half step, whole step, whole step, half step, whole step, whole step. Listen to these minor scales. Exercise 4. Go to Solution. For each note below, write a natural minor scale, one octave, ascending going up beginning on that note. If you need staff paper, you may print the staff paper PDF file.

Each minor key shares a key signature with a major key. A minor key is called the relative minor of the major key that has the same key signature. Even though they have the same key signature, a minor key and its relative major sound very different.

They have different tonal centers , and each will feature melodies, harmonies, and chord progressions built around their different tonal centers. In fact, certain strategic accidentals are very useful in helping establish a strong tonal center in a minor key.

These useful accidentals are featured in the melodic minor and harmonic minor scales. It is easy to predict where the relative minor of a major key can be found. Notice that the pattern for minor scales overlaps the pattern for major scales. In other words, they are the same pattern starting in a different place. If the patterns were very different, minor key signatures would not be the same as major key signatures.

The pattern for the minor scale starts a half step plus a whole step lower than the major scale pattern, so a relative minor is always three half steps lower than its relative major.

For example, C minor has the same key signature as E flat major, since E flat is a minor third higher than C. Do key signatures make music more complicated than it needs to be? Is there an easier way? Join the discussion at Opening Measures. All of the scales above are natural minor scales. They contain only the notes in the minor key signature. There are two other kinds of minor scales that are commonly used, both of which include notes that are not in the key signature.

The harmonic minor scale raises the seventh note of the scale by one half step, whether you are going up or down the scale. Harmonies in minor keys often use this raised seventh tone in order to make the music feel more strongly centered on the tonic. Please see Beginning Harmonic Analysis for more about this.

In the melodic minor scale , the sixth and seventh notes of the scale are each raised by one half step when going up the scale, but return to the natural minor when going down the scale. Melodies in minor keys often use this particular pattern of accidentals , so instrumentalists find it useful to practice melodic minor scales.

Listen to the differences between the natural minor , harmonic minor , and melodic minor scales. Major and minor scales are traditionally the basis for Western Music , but jazz theory also recognizes other scales, based on the medieval church modes , which are very useful for improvisation. One of the most useful of these is the scale based on the dorian mode, which is often called the dorian minor , since it has a basically minor sound.

Like any minor scale, dorian minor may start on any note, but like dorian mode, it is often illustrated as natural notes beginning on d. Comparing this scale to the natural minor scale makes it easy to see why the dorian mode sounds minor; only one note is different.

You may find it helpful to notice that the "relative major" of the Dorian begins one whole step lower. So, for example, D Dorian has the same key signature as C major.

In fact, the reason that Dorian is so useful in jazz is that it is the scale used for improvising while a ii chord is being played for example, while a d minor chord is played in the key of C major , a chord which is very common in jazz.

See Beginning Harmonic Analysis for more about how chords are classified within a key. The student who is interested in modal jazz will eventually become acquainted with all of the modal scales. Each of these is named for the medieval church mode which has the same interval pattern, and each can be used with a different chord within the key.

Dorian is included here only to explain the common jazz reference to the "dorian minor" and to give notice to students that the jazz approach to scales can be quite different from the traditional classical approach. Solution to Exercise 4. Return to Exercise. This website uses cookies to manage authentication, navigation, and other functions.

By using our website, you agree that we can place these types of cookies on your device. View Privacy Policy. Free Tools. Other products. Back Free versions Previous versions. Back Forum Join our street team. Back Ear training. Back What is ear training? Music theory. Back Understanding basic music theory What is sight-singing? Music Technology. Music memos. Back What are intervals in music? What are chords in music?

What are chord progressions? What are scales in music? What is Swing? Music in a Minor Key. Minor Scales. Natural Minor Scale Intervals. Go to Solution For each note below, write a natural minor scale, one octave, ascending going up beginning on that note. Relative Minor and Major Keys. Comparing Major and Minor Scale Patterns.

The interval patterns for major and natural minor scales are basically the same pattern starting at different points. Relative Minor. The C major and C minor scales start on the same note, but have different key signatures. C minor and E flat major start on different notes, but have the same key signature.

C minor is the relative minor of E flat major. Harmonic and Melodic Minor Scales. Note Do key signatures make music more complicated than it needs to be? Comparing Types of Minor Scales. Jazz and "Dorian Minor". Dorian Minor. The "dorian minor" can be written as a scale of natural notes starting on d. Any scale with this interval pattern can be called a "dorian minor scale".

Comparing Dorian and Natural Minors. Comparison of Dorian and Minor Scales. Notice in particular the relationship of the altered notes in the harmonic, melodic, and dorian minors. Solutions to Exercises. View Privacy Policy Okay. Previous 4. Next 4.

36 Minor Scales PDF

Now for the best part. You can print off each guide totally free! You can also click here to browse the complete list of guides at the bottom of this post. This guide will help you keep them straight. Click here for the printable PDF. Key signatures can be tricky to learn. This guide is perfect for the classroom or practice room.


minor scale starting on any note of the piano. The scales featured in this cheatsheet are all natural minor scales, but there are other derivatives of the minor scale.


Scales for Piano & Keyboard in 3D

There are not one but three Minor scales, all presented here with keyboard diagrams, notes and fingerings. The three groups of Minor scales are:. This scale can be confusing because it is in a way identical to the Major Scale. The A Minor Scale include exactly the same notes as the C Major Scale which makes them relative keys read more about this further down the page. See also arpeggios.

You can actually start with a whole-step or a half-step, and the intervals alternate. These are great licks, so learn them and enjoy using them! In this chapter of the lesson, we will explore how to view the diminished scale.

Essential Music Theory Guides (With Free Printables!)

Free downloads of exercises by Czerny, Hanon, Moscheles, and many other composers. Learning to play the piano can be overwhelming for beginners, but with the help of beginner piano exercises, playing the piano can be made MUCH simpler and easier.. It is a base to make music. The numbers that you can see above the notes are indicating which fingers the notes should be played with. Articulations are really important when it comes to bringing out a certain … Section 2.

A scale in minor thirds, rather than a minor third apart, looks like this the guy is annoying, but get past his going on, and the demonstration is OK : This is the syllabus for Grade 8 ABRSM - as you can see, playing scales in minor thirds is 2 octaves. For a single performer: Difficulty. Download: 25 Grand Etudes de Salon: Etudes covering arpeggios, double notes, jumps, and other techniques. They start at p. It does exist chords with two notes dyads , which are less common on piano. So, a mode is a scale created by establishing a new root note within a pre-existing scale. Chords can, for example, tribute with harmony and structure.


Chapter 2: Major and Minor Scales and Keys. Section M AJOR AND N ATURAL M INOR. S CALES FOR P IANO. Right hand fingerings above, left hand​.


Piano Major Scales

Major scales are the most important piano scales: firstly, because they are very common and, secondly, because they are fundamental to understand keys. If you hear someone mention that a piano sonata by the composer and pianist Franz Schubert is played in A Major, it means that it depends on the A Scale. You can scroll down and see keyboard images all Major scales.

Piano Minor Scales

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4 Comments

Libna G. 27.03.2021 at 14:42

The major scale or Ionian mode is one of the most commonly used musical scales , especially in Western music.

Ion R. 27.03.2021 at 18:54

English unlimited a1 pdf free download peabody developmental motor scales second edition pdf

Charlie B. 01.04.2021 at 18:14

Each major key uses a different set of notes its major scale.

Toomamebto 02.04.2021 at 07:21

PIANO PROFICIENCY TEST REQUIREMENTS. SCALES. Major and minor (​harmonic and melodic) scales, 4 octaves, hands together, correct fingerings.

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