File Name: disaster policy and politics .zip
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When a natural disaster strikes in the United States, only the president has the power to declare the site a federal disaster area, making it eligible for a variety of assistance. In such apparently nonpolitical situations, presidents theoretically have a fair, if personal, standard by which to determine whether to issue the necessary declaration. But an analysis of 10 years of such decisions by former presidents George H.
Bush and Bill Clinton shows that, at least in marginal disasters, the size of the state in terms of electoral votes and whether the political parties view it as "competitive" matters quite a bit. The Clinton campaign had declared Illinois Republican territory.
The question arises in these marginal cases, when it's unclear whether to give or not. In his paper-in-progress, "Political Disaster? Electoral Politics and Presidential Disaster Declarations," Reeves draws on research about disaster declarations by economists Thomas A. Garrett of the Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis and Russell S. He combines these with data on whether political parties view particular states as "friends," "enemies," or "competitive," based on their likelihood of voting for the party's presidential candidate.
In the decade under study, there were presidential disaster declarations. Every state had at least one, but Texas was such an extreme disaster area in and , with a combined total of 89 disasters, that Reeves excluded Texas data for those years and eventually examined a total of cases. All but four of the disasters analyzed were due to extreme weather, including fires. President Bush declared a disaster in in response to the Los Angeles riots sparked by the Rodney King beating, and in President Clinton declared disasters for the salmon industry in Washington, Oregon, and California.
Emergency aid, it turns out, is an easy-to-use political tool at the president's disposal. When an emergency hits, the governor of the affected state can request a disaster declaration, which the president may accept or deny. In the decade studied, 17 percent of the requests, "generally minor weather events," were turned down, Reeves says.
When the requests are accepted, FEMA, not the president, decides how much money to allocate. During his four years in office, President George H. Bush averaged 39 disaster declarations annually.
The seven years of the Clinton presidency that Reeves studied averaged 72 disasters per year. When he focused on the presidential election years of and , Reeves found that "President Clinton was about 60 percent more likely than President Bush to declare a disaster in a pivotal, electorally important state.
Large, friendly states appear to be more important in the equation than large, unfriendly states. Yet, presidents tend to give more to small-state "enemies" than small-state "friends. On the other hand, spending the money in a small, friendly state may be a waste of political capital.
Andrew Reeves e-mail address: reeves fas. Who Built the Pyramids? The Queen of Versailles. Alternatives to Policing. Kindergarten Matters. How Clean Is John Harvard?
Political science , occasionally called politology , is a discipline of social science which deals with systems of governance , and the analysis of political activities, political thoughts, associated constitutions and political behavior. Political science is generally divided into distinct sub-disciplines, namely domestic politics and government , comparative politics including area studies , international relations , political theory , political economy , political methodology , public administration , public policy. Comparative politics is the science of comparison and teaching of different types of constitutions, political actors, legislature and associated fields, all of them from an intrastate perspective. International relations deals with the interaction between nation-states as well as intergovernmental and transnational organizations. Political theory is more concerned with contributions of various classical and contemporary thinkers and philosophers.
This paper describes the educational experiences of children and youth aged 3—20 with disabilities during school closures resulting from the Northern California…. Return-entry is understudied in the disaster science literature. This paper provides an overview of the return-entry process, identifies key factors informing the…. The purpose of this research is to highlight the role of not-for-profit NFP organisations in enhancing disaster preparedness. The authors set out to understand their….
Listen to Richard Sylves on his interview from “Homeland Security Inside & Out” Click Here to ListenRichard Sylves Interview Interview from &.
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Skip to search form Skip to main content You are currently offline. Some features of the site may not work correctly. DOI: Sylves Published Political Science. View PDF.
Interview air date: May 20, In this groundbreaking book, long-time expert and scholar in the field of disaster management, Richard Sylves, comprehensively surveys the field of emergency management while building on his original research and sharing his insider knowledge. Providing much needed synthesis of the field's major findings, scholarship, and current developments, Sylves structures the book with an analytical framework that focuses on the challenge of effective intergovernmental relations—both across levels of government and across types of disasters—to guide readers through instructive and important political history as well as recent crises. Whether for an undergraduate studying the topic for the first time or a practitioner looking for professional development, Disaster Policy and Politics will prove to be a highly readable, informative text and handbook aimed at laying a foundation of knowledge and know-how. Ten chapters offer, among other topics: a contextual history of disaster policy and politics; a discussion of global issues and influences; an exploration of the politics of planning and funding for the next disaster; a look to the future, to where emergency management goes from here, including its maturation into a profession.
Despite Bangladesh's great strides in formulating disaster management policies following the principles of good governance, the degree to which these policies have successfully been implemented at the local level remains largely unknown. The objectives of this study were two-fold: 1 to examine the roles and effectiveness of local-level governance and disaster management institutions, and 2 to identify barriers to the implementation of national policies and Disaster-Risk-Reduction DRR guidelines at the local community level. Between January and June we carried out an empirical investigation in two coastal communities in Bangladesh. We employed a qualitative research and Case Study approach, using techniques from the Participatory Rural Appraisal toolbox to collect data from local community members as well as government and NGO officials. Our study revealed that interactive disaster governance, decentralization of disaster management, and compliance by local-level institutions with good governance principles and national policy guidelines can be extremely effective in reducing disaster-loss and damages.
When a natural disaster strikes in the United States, only the president has the power to declare the site a federal disaster area, making it eligible for a variety of assistance. In such apparently nonpolitical situations, presidents theoretically have a fair, if personal, standard by which to determine whether to issue the necessary declaration. But an analysis of 10 years of such decisions by former presidents George H. Bush and Bill Clinton shows that, at least in marginal disasters, the size of the state in terms of electoral votes and whether the political parties view it as "competitive" matters quite a bit. The Clinton campaign had declared Illinois Republican territory.
Довольно, Грег, - тихо сказал Стратмор. Хейл крепче обхватил Сьюзан и шепнул ей на ухо: - Стратмор столкнул его вниз, клянусь. - Она не клюнет на твою тактику разделяй и властвуй, - сказал Стратмор, подходя еще ближе. - Отпусти. - Чатрукьян был совсем мальчишка.
Вспомнив всю услышанную от шефа ложь, она похолодела и посмотрела на него, в глазах ее мелькнуло подозрение. - Это вы убили Танкадо.
Слишком рано. Беккер беззвучно выругался. Уже два часа утра.
Вторжение прекращено. Наверху, на экране ВР, возникла первая из пяти защитных стен. Черные атакующие линии начали исчезать. - Происходит восстановление! - кричал Джабба.
Наконец Нуматака спросил: - Где ключ. - Вам нужно знать только одно: он будет найден. - Откуда такая уверенность. - Не я один его ищу. Американская разведка тоже идет по следу.
Я хочу вернуться домой, - сказала блондинка.
Он хоть и крупный, но слабак. - Она кокетливо улыбнулась Беккеру. - Не волнуйтесь, он ни слова не понимает по-испански.
Вся ложь Танкадо о невскрываемом алгоритме… обещание выставить его на аукцион - все это было игрой, мистификацией. Танкадо спровоцировал АНБ на отслеживание его электронной почты, заставил поверить, что у него есть партнер, заставил скачать очень опасный файл. - Линейная мутация… - еле выдавил Стратмор.
Надеюсь, не забыл. - Ну и что мне, прожевать все эти цифры. Она поправила прическу. - Ты же всегда стремился к большей ответственности. Вот .
Но, сэр, мутация… - Немедленно! - крикнул Стратмор. Чатрукьян некоторое время смотрел на него, лишившись дара речи, а потом бегом направился прочь из шифровалки. Стратмор повернулся и с удивлением увидел Хейла.
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Request PDF | Disaster Policy and Politics: Emergency Management and Homeland Security | Listen to Richard Sylves on his interview from “Homeland.