File Name: propaganda and psychological warfare .zip
Psychological warfare , also called psywar , the use of propaganda against an enemy, supported by such military, economic, or political measures as may be required. Propaganda is also used to strengthen the resolve of allies or resistance fighters. The twisting of personality and the manipulation of beliefs in prisoners of war by brainwashing and related techniques can also be regarded as a form of psychological warfare. Although often looked upon as a modern invention, psychological warfare is of ancient origin. The conquests of Genghis Khan were aided by expertly planted rumours about large numbers of ferocious Mongol horsemen in his army.
Psychological operations PSYOP are operations to convey selected information and indicators to audiences to influence their emotions, motives, and objective reasoning, and ultimately the behavior of governments, organizations, groups, and individuals. The purpose of United States psychological operations is to induce or reinforce behavior favorable to U. They are an important part of the range of diplomatic, informational, military and economic activities available to the U. They can be utilized during both peacetime and conflict. There are three main types: strategic, operational and tactical. Operational PSYOP are conducted across the range of military operations, including during peacetime, in a defined operational area to promote the effectiveness of the joint force commander's JFC campaigns and strategies.
All those who attemtp to influence opinion through the media of information are faced with the problem of ealuation the effects of their communications. The wartime propagandist is in a particularly difficult position, since his audience is usually inaccessible to him. On the basis of experience in the past war, however, certain generalization can be made regarding principles which should guide the combat psycological warrior: his material must be credible as well as truthful; he must learn how to address potential waverers on the enemy side; he must cocentrate his fire; he must not try to export domestic propaganda; he must find some limited area of agreement with his audience; and he must determine which activities would benefit both his audience and his own cause. Certian implications for peacetime proapaganda can also be drawn from wartime experience. Most users should sign in with their email address.
At a time when world attention is focused on new and terrible engines of physical destruction, the United States has allowed its psychological weapons to fall into desuetude. Our propaganda effort during the last war was characterized by improvisation, but in the event of another war it is doubtful whether time for renewed improvisation will be available. An analysis of the various types of war-time propaganda indicates that exhaustive study and preparation are necessary if this arm is to be kept in readiness. If it is to be prepared to seize the psychological offensive, the United States must first adopt a realistic attitude toward political warfare; secondly, it must devote far more energy to planning and preparation in this field than it has done in the past. Most users should sign in with their email address. If you originally registered with a username please use that to sign in.
THIS article represents a preliminary account of United Nations psychological warfare acttvities during the first phase of the Korean war. Since it was written prior to the large-scale entry of Chinese forces into the fighting, it deals only with leaflet, radio and other forms of propaganda directed to Korean soldiers and civilians during the six month period from June to December, This article was compiled on the basis of material released to the press by the Far East Command.
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Psychological warfare is the planned tactical use of propaganda , threats, and other non-combat techniques during wars, threats of war, or periods of geopolitical unrest to mislead, intimidate, demoralize, or otherwise influence the thinking or behavior of an enemy. While all nations employ it, the U. To achieve their objectives, the planners of psychological warfare campaigns first attempt to gain total knowledge of the beliefs, likes, dislikes, strengths, weaknesses, and vulnerabilities of the target population. The targets of such propaganda campaigns can include governments, political organizations, advocacy groups, military personnel, and civilian individuals.
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All those who attemtp to influence opinion through the media of information are faced with the problem of ealuation the effects of their communications.YerimГ©n F. 18.03.2021 at 01:54
Here are entered general works dealing with methods used to undermine the morale of the civilian population and the military forces of an enemy country.Natasha T. 19.03.2021 at 01:42
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