File Name: ageism stereotyping and prejudice against older persons .zip
Current research and theory from a range of disciplines on ageism, discussing issues from elder abuse to age discrimination against workers, revised and updated. People commonly use age to categorize and stereotype others—even though those who stereotype the elderly are eventually bound to become elderly themselves. Ageism is found cross-culturally, but it is especially prevalent in the United States, where most people regard growing older with depression, fear, and anxiety.
Along with race and gender, people commonly use age to categorize—and form stereotypes about—others. Of the three categories, age is the only one in which the members of the in-group the young will eventually join the out-group the old. Although ageism is found cross-culturally, it is especially prevalent in the United States, where most people regard growing older with depression, fear, and anxiety. Older people in the United States are stigmatized and marginalized, with often devastating consequences. Although researchers have paid a great deal of attention to racism and sexism, there has been a dearth of research on ageism. A major reason for this neglect is that age prejudice is still considered socially acceptable.
Rylee A. The purpose of this review is to present findings on the effects of stereotypes of aging on health outcomes related to older adults, such as physical and mental functioning specifically and overall well-being and perceived quality of life more broadly. This review shows that both positive and negative stereotypes of aging can have enabling and constraining effects on the actions, performance, decisions, attitudes, and, consequently, holistic health of an older adult. Aging is a highly individualized and complex process; yet it continues to be stereotyped, especially in Western cultures. Stereotypes about a particular group play a powerful role in shaping how we think about and interact with individuals, as well as how individuals within the stereotyped group see themselves [ 1 ].
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Older Canadians are valuable members of their communities, yet many are vulnerable to various forms of ageism, abuse, mistreatment, and isolation. Ageism manifests itself in multiple ways, such as prejudicial attitudes towards older people, old age, and the ageing process; discriminatory practices against older people; and institutional practices and policies that perpetuate stereotypes about older people. Negative attitudes regarding older Canadians can have a significant impact on their health, well-being, and involvement within their communities. Indeed, ageism can influence the way decisions are made about older people. Mandatory retirement was ended in Canada in December when the federal government officially repealed the section of the Canadian Human Rights Act that permitted it.
Current research and theory from a range of disciplines on ageism, discussing issues from elder abuse to age discrimination against workers, revised and.
Contemporary Perspectives on Ageism pp Cite as. This chapter looks at the phenomenon of ageism and age discrimination in the labour market from a socio-political perspective and draws attention to key factors in its emergence. The approach adopted here goes beyond the individualistic and micro accounts adopted mostly by psychologists, as well as beyond the meso perspective as used in organisation and work environment studies. Our aim is rather to examine the role of macrostructural processes and transformations and to identify their link to the persistence of ageism and age discrimination in contemporary labour markets. First, an overview of the most predominant conceptual understandings of ageism and age discrimination in employment are provided, which clarify the theoretical and empirical distinctions between the two related, but not synonymous, concepts. This section also provides a life-course perspective on age discrimination in the labour market by looking at experiences of different age groups, as well as an elaboration of the intersectional approach to ageism. Second, the chapter investigates the dynamics between the phenomena of ageism and age discrimination and a range of socio-political contexts, cultural settings, and legal and economic conditions.
Ageism is based on the assumption that older persons are somehow lacking due to their age. Robert Butler who coined the term already in noted that prejudice against age is a prejudice against everyone since as longevity increases, we strive to become its ultimate victims. Whereas older persons represent the largest and one of the most heterogeneous segment of the global population, ageism perceives them in a generalised way built on assumptions and stereotypes.