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Society And Culture Of Pakistan Pdf

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The purpose of this chapter is to define media, society and culture broadly.

Pakistan is a multi- ethnic country located on the western border of India and the eastern borders of Iran and Afghanistan. As such, norms and values vary significantly across the country, and the regions and provinces are quite distinguished from one another.

Throughout Pakistan, as in most agrarian societies, family organization is strongly patriarchal, and most people live with large extended families, often in the same house or family compound. The eldest male, whether he is the father, grandfather, or paternal uncle, is the family leader and makes all significant decisions regarding the family and its members. In wealthy peasant and landowner households and in urban middle-class families, the practice of keeping women in seclusion purdah is still common; when women leave their houses, they typically cover their heads. Among the rural poor, women have duties on the farm as well as in the house and do not customarily observe purdah. Among the wealthiest Pakistanis, Western education and modes of living have eliminated purdah, but, in general, even among that group, attitudes toward women in society and the family often have been viewed by outsiders as antiquated.

Daily life and social customs

Throughout Pakistan, as in most agrarian societies, family organization is strongly patriarchal, and most people live with large extended families, often in the same house or family compound.

The eldest male, whether he is the father, grandfather, or paternal uncle, is the family leader and makes all significant decisions regarding the family and its members. In wealthy peasant and landowner households and in urban middle-class families, the practice of keeping women in seclusion purdah is still common; when women leave their houses, they typically cover their heads. Among the rural poor, women have duties on the farm as well as in the house and do not customarily observe purdah.

Among the wealthiest Pakistanis, Western education and modes of living have eliminated purdah, but, in general, even among that group, attitudes toward women in society and the family often have been viewed by outsiders as antiquated.

Change has occurred most rapidly among the urban middle-income group, inspired by increasing access to the West as well as by the entry of women into the workforce and into government service. An increasing number of middle-class women have stopped observing purdah, and the education of women has been encouraged.

In traditional parts of Pakistan, social organization revolves around kinship rather than around the caste system that is used in India. The lineage elders constitute a council that adjudicates disputes within the lineage and acts on behalf of the lineage with the outside world—for example, in determining political allegiances.

In contemporary Pakistan, the question of class distinction based on historic patterns of social interaction has become blurred by the tendency to pretend that one has lineage to a nobler ancestor. However, irrespective of the questionable authenticity of a claim to a particular title, the classification of social status persists.

Pakistani clothing styles are similar in many ways to those found in India. The shalwar - kamiz combination—a long knee-length shirt kamiz , camise over loose-fitting pants shalwar —is the most common traditional form of attire.

As a more formal overgarment, men wear a knee-length coat known as a sherwani ; women frequently wear a light shawl called a dupatta. Among conservative Muslim communities, women sometimes wear the burqa, a full-length garment that may or may not cover the face. In earlier generations, the fez hat was popular among Muslim men, but more often the woolen, boat-shaped Karakul hat popularized by Mohammed Ali Jinnah is associated with Pakistan; however, many other hat styles are worn, especially in tribal areas.

Western clothes are popular among the urban young, and combinations of Western and Pakistani styles can be seen in the streets. Pakistani cuisine also has affinities with that of India. Curry dishes are common, as are a variety of vegetables, including potatoes, eggplant, and okra. Each region and, often, each household has its own preferred mixture of spices—the term masala is used to describe such a mixture.

In addition to the many spices that are also associated with other countries of South Asia, yogurt is a common ingredient. Favourite meats include chicken, mutton, and lamb. Lentils are a standard dish, and various types of wheat bread are the national staple. The most common breads are chapati unleavened flat bread and naan slightly leavened. Pakistanis drink a great deal of hot tea chai , and lassi a type of yogurt drink , sherbet, and lemonade are popular.

As in most Muslim countries, alcoholic beverages are considered culturally inappropriate, but there are several domestic breweries and distilleries. There are a number of other major and minor holidays. Pakistan Article Media Additional Info. Article Contents. Load Previous Page. Daily life and social customs Throughout Pakistan, as in most agrarian societies, family organization is strongly patriarchal, and most people live with large extended families, often in the same house or family compound.

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13 Things You Should Know About Pakistani Culture

While the official name of the nation is the Islamic Republic of Pakistan, generally the country has been referred to as Pakistan since As part of India's independence from Great Britain in , a partition took part of their land and created Pakistan as a separate Islamic nation. It is estimated that approximately 95 percent of the population are Muslim, but members of several minority religions live there, including some Hindus, Christians, Parsis, Sikhs, and Buddhists. Although the modern nation of Pakistan was but fifty-three years old in , it has territorial areas and tribal populations whose histories date back many centuries; thus Pakistan has both an ancient and a relatively new identity. Location and Geography.


difference between the perception of the Pakistani youth and their parents with regard to culture and religion. The sample selected consisted of youngsters.


Chapter 8 - Society & Culture of Pakistan Notes in PDF [10th Class]

Join over organisations already creating a better workplace. You can download this cultural profile in an easy-to-read PDF format that can be printed out and accessed at any time. The figure of the total population of each country is drawn from the global estimates listed in the CIA World Factbook , unless otherwise stated.

The culture of these Pakistani ethnic groups have been greatly influenced by many of its neighbours, such as the other South Asian , Iranic , Turkic as well as the peoples of Central Asia and West Asia. The region has formed a distinct unit within the main geographical complex of South Asia , the Middle East and Central Asia from the earliest times, and is analogous to the intermediary position of Afghanistan. Their cultural origins also reveal influences from far afield and indigenous, including Ancient India and Central Asia.

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Economy and Culture in Pakistan

Как это странно, подумал Стратмор, что насчет вируса Чатрукьян был прав с самого начала.

Кто он. - Понятия не имею. - Похож на китайца. Японец, подумал Беккер. - Бедняга.

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Daily life and social customs

1 Comments

George D. 20.03.2021 at 14:39

National Curriculum for Pakistan Culture — Introduction. 1. Section1. Introduction. Culture is product of society which encompasses the ideas, customs​.

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