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Trait And Behavioral Theories Of Leadership Pdf

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Since certain traits are associated with proficient leadership it assumes that if you could identify people with the correct traits you will be able to identify leaders and people with leadership potential.

The Major Leadership Theories

What is it that makes some people excel in leadership roles? Leadership theories seek to explain how and why certain people become leaders. Such theories often focus on the characteristics of leaders, but some attempt to identify the behaviors that people can adopt to improve their own leadership abilities in different situations. Early debates on the psychology of leadership often suggested that such skills were simply abilities that people were born with. In other words, these theories proposed that certain people were simply "born leaders. As interest in the psychology of leadership has increased over the last years, a number of different leadership theories have been introduced to explain exactly how and why certain people become great leaders. What exactly makes a great leader?

The key difference between trait and behavioral theories of leadership is that trait theory states that leaders have inborn traits, whereas behavioral theory rejects inborn virtues of leaders and states that leaders can be trained. Theories of leadership are schools of thought that explain how certain individuals become leaders. Trait and behavioral theories are two such popular theories of leadership. Overview and Key Difference 2. What is Trait Theory 3. Trait theory is also known as the virtue theory of leadership. The foundation of this theory is the characteristics of different leaders — both successful and unsuccessful ones.

Leadership

For a number of years, researchers have examined leadership to discover how successful leaders are created. Experts have proposed several theories, including the trait, behavioral, contingency, and full-range models of leadership. The search for the characteristics or traits of effective leaders has been central to the study of leadership. Underlying this research is the assumption that leadership capabilities are rooted in characteristics possessed by individuals. Research in the field of trait theory has shown significant positive relationships between effective leadership and personality traits such as intelligence, extroversion, conscientiousness, self-efficacy, and openness to experience.


behaviors, and takes a first step toward an integrative theory of how leader traits and behaviors influence leadership effectiveness. To accomplish this, we follow.


Difference Between Trait and Behavioral Theories of Leadership

Behavioral theories of leadership are classified as such because they focus on the study of specific behaviors of a leader. For behavioral theorists, a leader behavior is the best predictor of his leadership influences and as a result, is the best determinant of his or her leadership success. This behavior-focused approach provides real marketing potential, as behaviors can be conditioned in a manner that one can have a specific response to specific stimuli.

Good leaders are a vital part of effective business practices. In the world of leadership there are many theories about how leadership works, what makes good leaders, and how to be effective. There are many leadership styles that managers can employ and their impact varies based on the group they are leading and the industry they are in.

Leadership is both a research area, and a practical skill encompassing the ability of an individual, group or organization to "lead", influence or guide other individuals, teams , or entire organizations. Often viewed as a contested term, [1] specialist literature debates various viewpoints, contrasting Eastern and Western approaches to leadership, and also within the West North American versus European approaches. Studies of leadership have produced theories involving traits , [5] situational interaction, function, behavior, [6] power , vision and values , [7] charisma , and intelligence, among others. In the field of political leadership, the Chinese doctrine of the Mandate of Heaven postulated the need for rulers to govern justly and the right of subordinates to overthrow emperors who appeared to lack divine sanction. Pro- aristocracy thinkers [9] have postulated that leadership depends on one's "blue blood" or genes.

Behavioral Theories of Leadership

Behavioral Theory of leadership is a big leap from Trait Theory, as it was developed scientifically by conducting behaviour focused studies. The theory emphasizes that leadership capability can be learned, rather than being inherent. This theory is based on the principle that a leader's behaviors can be conditioned in a manner that one can have a specific response to specific stimuli. In the s, two parallel studies on leadership were in progress, one based on traits displayed by leaders , another on the behaviours exhibited by leaders. Behavior is the range of actions and mannerisms made by organisms, systems, or artificial entities in conjunction with their environment, which includes the other systems or organisms around as well as the physical environment.

Leadership theories debate what makes a good leader. Over the years, many schools of thought have developed that give different explanations about where leaders come from and how they can be identified. Trait theory and behavioral theory are two similar approaches to these questions.


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Describe the Major Similarities & Differences Between the Trait & Behavior Leadership Theories

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