File Name: list of nouns pronouns verbs adverbs adjectives prepositions conjunctions and interjections .zip
Traditional grammar classifies words based on eight parts of speech : the verb, the noun, the pronoun, the adjective, the adverb, the preposition, the conjunction, and the interjection. Each part of speech explains not what the word is , but how the word is used. In fact, the same word can be a noun in one sentence and a verb or adjective in the next.
The next few examples show how a word's part of speech can change from one sentence to the next, and following them is a series of sections on the individual parts of speech, followed by an exercise. In this example, "walk" is a noun, which is part of a prepositional phrase describing where the mail carrier stood. The next few sections explain each of the parts of speech in detail.
When you have finished, you might want to test yourself by trying the exercise. In this sentence, the compound verb "were destroyed" describes an action which took place in the past. A noun is a word used to name a person, animal, place, thing, and abstract idea. Nouns are usually the first words which small children learn. The highlighted words in the following sentences are all nouns:. A noun can function in a sentence as a subject, a direct object, an indirect object, a subject complement, an object complement, an appositive, an adjective or an adverb.
Many common nouns, like "engineer" or "teacher," can refer to men or women. Once, many English nouns would change form depending on their gender -- for example, a man was called an "author" while a woman was called an "authoress" -- but this use of gender-specific nouns is very rare today.
Those that are still used occasionally tend to refer to occupational categories, as in the following sentences.
Most nouns change their form to indicate number by adding "-s" or "-es", as illustrated in the following pairs of sentences:. There are other nouns which form the plural by changing the last letter before adding "s". Some words ending in "f" form the plural by deleting "f" and adding "ves," and words ending in "y" form the plural by deleting the "y" and adding "ies," as in the following pairs of sentences:.
Other nouns form the plural irregularly. If English is your first language, you probably know most of these already: when in doubt, consult a good dictionary. In the possessive case, a noun or pronoun changes its form to show that it owns or is closely related to something else. Usually, nouns become possessive by adding a combination of an apostrophe and the letter "s.
You can form the possessive case of a singular noun that does not end in "s" by adding an apostrophe and "s," as in the following sentences:. You can form the possessive case of a singular noun that ends in "s" by adding an apostrophe alone or by adding an apostrophe and "s," as in the following examples:. You can form the possessive case of a plural noun that does not end in "s" by adding an apostrophe and a "s," as in the following examples:.
You can form the possessive case of a plural noun that does end in "s" by adding an apostrophe:. When you read the following sentences, you will notice that a noun in the possessive case frequently functions as an adjective modifying another noun:.
Here the possessive noun "miner's" is used to modify the noun "face" and together with the article "the," they make up the noun phrase that is the sentence's subject. In this sentence, each possessive noun modifies a gerund. The possessive noun "dogs"' modifies "barking," "ducks"' modifies "quacking," and "babies"' modifies "squalling. In this example the possessive noun "platypus's" modifies the noun "eggs" and the noun phrase "the platypus's eggs" is the direct object of the verb "crushed.
In this sentence the possessive noun "squirrels"' is used to modify the noun "nest" and the noun phrase "the squirrels' nest" is the object of the infinitive phrase "to locate. There are many different types of nouns. As you know, you capitalise some nouns, such as "Canada" or "Louise," and do not capitalise others, such as "badger" or "tree" unless they appear at the beginning of a sentence. In fact, grammarians have developed a whole series of noun types, including the proper noun, the common noun, the concrete noun, the abstract noun, the countable noun also called the count noun , the non-countable noun also called the mass noun , and the collective noun.
You should note that a noun will belong to more than one type: it will be proper or common, abstract or concrete, and countable or non-countable or collective.
If you are interested in the details of these different types, you can read about them in the following sections. You always write a proper noun with a capital letter, since the noun represents the name of a specific person, place, or thing.
The names of days of the week, months, historical documents, institutions, organisations, religions, their holy texts and their adherents are proper nouns. A proper noun is the opposite of a common noun. A common noun is a noun referring to a person, place, or thing in a general sense -- usually, you should write it with a capital letter only when it begins a sentence. A common noun is the opposite of a proper noun. A concrete noun is a noun which names anything or anyone that you can perceive through your physical senses: touch, sight, taste, hearing, or smell.
A concrete noun is the opposite of a abstract noun. An abstract noun is a noun which names anything which you can not perceive through your five physical senses, and is the opposite of a concrete noun. The highlighted words in the following sentences are all abstract nouns:. A countable noun or count noun is a noun with both a singular and a plural form, and it names anything or anyone that you can count.
You can make a countable noun plural and attach it to a plural verb in a sentence. Countable nouns are the opposite of non-countable nouns and collective nouns. A non-countable noun or mass noun is a noun which does not have a plural form, and which refers to something that you could or would not usually count.
A non-countable noun always takes a singular verb in a sentence. Non-countable nouns are similar to collective nouns, and are the opposite of countable nouns. Since "oxygen" is a non-countable noun, it takes the singular verb "is" rather than the plural verb "are. A collective noun is a noun naming a group of things, animals, or persons. You could count the individual members of the group, but you usually think of the group as a whole is generally as one unit.
You need to be able to recognise collective nouns in order to maintain subject-verb agreement. A collective noun is similar to a non-countable noun, and is roughly the opposite of a countable noun. In this example the collective noun "jury" is the subject of the singular compound verb "is dining. In this sentence the word "class" is a collective noun and takes the singular compound verb "was startled.
Grammarians classify pronouns into several types, including the personal pronoun, the demonstrative pronoun, the interrogative pronoun, the indefinite pronoun, the relative pronoun, the reflexive pronoun, and the intensive pronoun. The subjective personal pronouns are "I," "you," "she," "he," "it," "we," "you," "they.
The objective personal pronouns are: "me," "you," "her," "him," "it," "us," "you," and "them. Similarly in this example, the objective personal pronoun "you" is the object of the preposition "to. The demonstrative pronouns are "this," "that," "these," and "those. Note that the demonstrative pronouns are identical to demonstrative adjectives, though, obviously, you use them differently.
It is also important to note that "that" can also be used as a relative pronoun. In this example "this" is used as subject and refers to something close to the speaker.
The demonstrative pronoun "that" is also a subject but refers to something farther away from the speaker. You will find "who," "whom," and occasionally "which" used to refer to people, and "which" and "what" used to refer to things and to animals. In this sentence, the interrogative pronoun "who" is the subject of the compound verb "will meet. The relative pronouns are "who," "whom," "that," and "which.
You can use the relative pronouns "who" and "whoever" to refer to the subject of a clause or sentence, and "whom" and "whomever" to refer to the objects of a verb, a verbal or a preposition. In this sentence "whom" is the direct object of the verb "believes" and introduces the subordinate clause "whom she believes to be the most efficient". This subordinate clause modifies the noun "workers.
In this example "which" acts as the subject of the compound verb "was left" and introduces the subordinate clause "which was left in the corridor. Here "whichever" modifies the noun "manuscript" and introduces the subordinate clause "whichever manuscript arrives first. An indefinite pronoun conveys the idea of all, any, none, or some.
The most common indefinite pronouns are "all," "another," "any," "anybody," "anyone," "anything," "each," "everybody," "everyone," "everything," "few," "many," "nobody," "none," "one," "several," "some," "somebody," and "someone.
Here too the indefinite pronoun functions as a direct object: "none" is the direct object of "found. The reflexive pronouns are "myself," "yourself," "herself," "himself," "itself," "ourselves," "yourselves," and "themselves. Intensive pronouns are identical in form to reflexive pronouns. An adjective usually precedes the noun or the pronoun which it modifies.
In the sentence. Note that the possessive pronoun form "mine" is not used to modify a noun or noun phrase. Note that the possessive pronoun form "yours" is not used to modify a noun or a noun phrase.
Note that the possessive pronoun form "ours" is not used to modify nouns or noun phrases. Here the possessive adjective "their" modifies "parents" and the noun phrase "their parents" is the object of the preposition "by.
In this sentence, the possessive adjective "its" modifies "ball" and the noun phrase "its ball" is the object of the verb "chased. In this sentence, the demonstrative adjective "that" modifies the noun "cord" and the noun phrase "that cord" is the object of the preposition "over. Like other adjectives, "which" can be used to modify a noun or a noun phrase. In this example, "which" modifies "plants" and the noun phrase "which plants" is the subject of the compound verb "should be watered":.
In this sentence, "what" modifies "book" and the noun phrase "what book" is the direct object of the compound verb "are reading.
The indefinite adjective "many" modifies the noun "people" and the noun phrase "many people" is the subject of the sentence. The indefinite adjective "any" modifies the noun "mail" and the noun phrase "any mail" is the direct object of the compound verb "will send. In this example the indefinite adjective modifies the noun "goldfish" and the noun phrase is the direct object of the verb "found":. An adverb indicates manner, time, place, cause, or degree and answers questions such as "how," "when," "where," "how much".
Unlike an adjective, an adverb can be found in various places within the sentence. In this sentence, the adverb "quickly" modifies the verb "made" and indicates in what manner or how fast the clothing was constructed. Similarly in this sentence, the adverb "patiently" modifies the verb "waited" and describes the manner in which the midwives waited.
Traditional grammar classifies words based on eight parts of speech : the verb, the noun, the pronoun, the adjective, the adverb, the preposition, the conjunction, and the interjection. Each part of speech explains not what the word is , but how the word is used. In fact, the same word can be a noun in one sentence and a verb or adjective in the next. The next few examples show how a word's part of speech can change from one sentence to the next, and following them is a series of sections on the individual parts of speech, followed by an exercise. In this example, "walk" is a noun, which is part of a prepositional phrase describing where the mail carrier stood. The next few sections explain each of the parts of speech in detail.
For example with the word increase. Example sentences: Steve lives in Sydney. This article will provide definitions and examples of the 8 major parts of speech in English grammar: noun, pronoun, verb, adverb, An adjective describes, modifies or gives more information about a noun or pronoun. Parts of speech are types of word in grammar. All nouns are naming words.
3. Adjectives. 4. Verbs. 5. Adverbs. 6. Conjunctions. 7. Prepositions. 8. Interjections Examples of nouns with common suffixes: happiness The article/adjective an can only go in front of a noun that begins with a vowel, such as an octopus.
Parts of Speech - Key Concepts. The parts of speech refer to the way words are classified according to their function in a sentence. They will each be further categorized below.
As we know, words can function as nouns, verbs, adjectives, adverbs, conjunctions, pronouns, prepositions or interjections. Students often confuse between noun, adjective, adverb and verb forms and information about these have been categorised below. As many English words can have several forms, it is important to know the function of words in a sentence in order to use them correctly. A good quality dictionary will clearly show the various forms of a word and give examples of their use.
Parts of speech refer to the functions of words in a sentence. There are eight general classifications for words: nouns, pronouns, verbs, adjectives, adverbs, prepositions, conjunctions, and interjections. Students gain a better understanding of grammar and sentence structure by understanding these basic components.
Also known as word classes , these are the building blocks of grammar. Every sentence you write or speak in English includes words that fall into some of the nine parts of speech. Some sources include only eight parts of speech and leave interjections in their own category.
- Сьюзан шумно выдохнула и повернулась к. - Я думаю, - начала она, -что я только… -но слова застряли у нее в горле. Она побледнела. - Что с тобой? - удивленно спросил Хейл.
Хейл засмеялся. - Нет, серьезно, Сьюзан, тебе никогда не приходило в голову, что это все-таки возможно и что Танкадо действительно придумал невзламываемый алгоритм. Этот разговор был ей неприятен. - Ну, мы не сумели этого сделать. - А вдруг Танкадо умнее .
There are eight parts of speech: noun, pronoun, verb, adjective, adverb, preposition, conjunction, and interjection. Your Turn: In your notes, write down the eight.
- И в качестве милого побочного развлечения читать переписку простых граждан. - Мы не шпионим за простыми гражданами, и ты это отлично знаешь. ФБР имеет возможность прослушивать телефонные разговоры, но это вовсе не значит, что оно прослушивает .
Сколько там этих сироток? - спросила. Соши развела руками. Она села за терминал Джаббы и перепечатала все группы, а закончив, подбежала к Сьюзан. Все посмотрели на экран. PFEE SESN RETM MFHA IRWE ENET SHAS DCNS IIAA IEER OOIG MEEN NRMA BRNK FBLE LODI Улыбалась одна только Сьюзан.
Сьюзан снова завладели прежние сомнения: правильно ли они поступают, решив сохранить ключ и взломать Цифровую крепость.
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